a€￠ Scaling and root planning - manually removing the plaque and tartar from the root surfaces of your teeth below the gum line
a€￠ A antibiotics - antibiotics can be prescribed as pills or as an antibiotic fiber as bacteria causes periodontitis . the films are used in conjuction with scaling and root planning . they are placed directly into the pockets and are removed within 7 a€“ 10 days later. Antibacterial mouth rinses may also be recommended to help plaque control.
a€￠ Bite correction a€“ an imbalanced bite may accelerate bone destruction . teeth may be grinded for proper and better function. A bite a€“ guard ( removable retainer fitting over teeth ) may be required
a€￠ Splinting - splinting involves bending a group of teeth together so that the biting forces are shared by a large number of teeth instead of being born by the affected tooth.
a€￠ Surgical therapy a€“ in this procedure the gums are separated from the teeth creating a a€? flapa€? and access to the infected pocket. It aims to reduce pocket depth and increase the ability to maintain the remnant pockets clean
a€￠ Gingivectomy - this procedure is performed when excess amounts of gum growth around the teeth have occured . this results in false pocket formation and the inability to keep them clean
a€￠ Gingivoplasty a€“ it is the surgical reshaping of gum tissue around teeth with healthy gum . this procedure can be used to correct malformed or asymmetrical gums caused by genetics disease or trauma.
a€￠ Osseous ( bone ) surgery - this procedure is done to smooth shallow craters and defects in the bone due to mild or moderate bone loss
a€￠ Bone grafts - tiny fragments of the patients bone ,synthetic bone or bone obtained from a bone bank are used to fill a bony defect around the teeth. These grafts act as a scafflold on or around which patients own bone is conducted or induced to grow
a€￠ Soft tissue graft a€“ in cases of gum recession a graft is usually taken from the palate and transplanted onto the receding area to re a€“ surface the tin gum and to inhibit further gum recession